Friday, 29 September 2017

Intersociety calls for reformation of UN

At 72: UN Is Dangerously Leading The World Back To The Cave: Why It Must Be Reformed Or Face Extinction
(Intersociety Nigeria: 22nd September 2017)-From every irrefutable indication, the United Nations which is presently in its 72nd Annual General Assembly session; lasting from 19th to 25th September 2017,  is leading the entire global community back to the cave. The 193-member world body has nothing concrete to show for 72years of its existence. At 72, it has wobbled and fumbled deeper instead of rising to its global duties and challenges. Disheartening, also, is the fact that the world body has totally lost control and allowed to slip off its sleeve pockets of achievements especially those it managed to record in the 1990s and early 2000s.
Signs of better future and vibrancy on the part of the world body were so bright and strong especially in the 1990s that the then President of the Union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar (Tanzania), Dr Julius Nyerere scolded his fellow African leaders and sarcastically asked them as follows: why is it that when Europeans, Americans and Southeast Asians are busy finding their ways to the moon; Africans are busy heading back to the cave?
In response, Africa then through “wind of changes” managed to move from military coups and one party civilian dictatorship to multi party democracy with some stability; leading to change of its premier organ from OAU to AU on 9th July 2002 with some promising reforms; which have now been reversed to return the Continent to its present era of renewed dictatorship, hopelessness, mass poverty, chronic diseases, teething  hunger and poverty, malnutrition, rabid government corruption, political turmoil, militarization and militancy; under-development,  state terrorism, citizens’ violence, immeasurable abuses of human rights and the abuse of power and office by public office holders of its 54 member-States. These “signs of hope” and “wind of changes” also propelled democratic revolutions and end to military dictatorship and political turmoil in South American Continent and the Caribbean.  
Today, the UN has totally lost control of its global leadership and the entire global world is turned around by same to be headed back to the cave. Since the end of the Roman Empire civil war in 1648, efforts had been made to put in place an international umbrella body capable of effectively policing the world, administering the global affairs, checkmating dictatorship and protecting global and municipal citizens from regime atrocities and non state actor heinous crimes; all for the overall purpose of ensuring international peace and security, respect for human rights, institutionalization of democracy and civil governance; human development, protection of global environment (atmosphere, lithosphere, biosphere and hydrosphere), etc.

To ensure these, the Holy Alliance through Peace of Westphalia was formed in 1648 following the brutal Roman Empire Civil War (1618-1648). The Holy Alliance lasted up to 1814-1815 and was replaced by the Congress of Vienna, which briefly lasted for one year before it was replaced by the Concert of Europe (1815-1919). The Concert of Europe was replaced by the League of Nations, officially founded on 20th January 1920 in Paris (France) through the Treaty of Versailles  or Paris Peace Conference; which lasted until April 1946 when it was officially disbanded; giving room for birth of the present United Nations.
The United Nations was coined by then United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt and was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, during the Second World War, when representatives of 26 nations pledged their Governments’ commitment to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy and Japan). The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international co-operation and to create and maintain international order. A replacement for the League of Nations, the organization was officially established on 24 October 1945 after World War II in order to prevent another such conflict. At its founding in 1945, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193-member States of UN and 64 non self governing territories around the world.
The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva (Switzerland), Nairobi (Kenya) and Vienna (Austria). The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, promoting human rights, fostering social and economic development, protecting the environment, and providing humanitarian aid in cases of famine, natural disaster, and armed conflict. The UN Charter was drafted at a conference between April–June 1945 in San Francisco, and was signed on 26 June 1945 at the conclusion of the conference; this charter took effect 24 October 1945 when the UN formally began operation.
The UN's mission to preserve world peace was complicated in its early decades by the Cold War between the US and Soviet Union and their respective allies. The organization participated in major actions in Korea and the Congo, as well as approving the creation of the state of Israel in 1947. The organization's membership grew significantly to 170 following widespread decolonization in the 1960s, and further increased to 190 in 1990s as a result of the end of cold war and collapse of Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. It got three additional members in the 2000s following successful conduct of referendum in post war Ethiopia and Sudan and non formal war Indonesia; producing new Republics of Eretria, South Sudan and East Timor.
The UN has six principal organs: the General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly); the Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security); the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC; for promoting international economic and social co-operation and development); the Secretariat (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN); the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ); and the UN Trusteeship Council (inactive since 1994). UN System agencies include the World Bank Group, the World Health Organization, the World Food Programme, UNESCO, and UNICEF. The UN's most prominent officer is the Secretary-General, an office presently held by Portuguese António Guterres since 2017. Non-governmental organizations may be granted consultative status with ECOSOC and other agencies to participate in the UN's work.
After the end of the Cold War in 1991, the UN took on major military and peacekeeping missions across the world with varying degrees of success. It was in recognition of this that the organization won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001, and a number of its officers and agencies have also been awarded the prize.
The United Nations has also since 1946 maintained a list of Non-Self-Governing Territories (NSGTs); which is a list of places that the United Nations General Assembly deems to be "non-self-governing" and subject to the decolonization process. The number of such NSGTs around the world is presently put at 64. Chapter XI of the United Nations Charter embodies a "Declaration on Non-Self-Governing Territories" which declares that the interests of the occupants of dependent territories are paramount and requires member states of the United Nations in control of non-self-governing territories to submit annual information reports concerning the development of those territories.
Since 1946, the General Assembly has maintained a list of non-self governing territories under member states' control. Since its inception, dozens of territories have been removed from the list, typically when they attained independence or internal self-government, while other territories have been added as new administering countries joined the United Nations or the General Assembly reassessed the status of certain territories.
Today, under the watchful eyes of the United Nations, the world is not only terminally sick and endangered but also haunted by numerous monsters of uncontrollable proportions such as mental militarization ( reckless and widespread use of violence to solve social problems), physical militarization, insecurity, under-development, hunger, mass poverty, illiteracy, institutional grafts, regime failure and collapse; threats of nuclear holocaust, ethno-religious radicalism, threats of genocide and others forms of complex humanitarian crises; to name but a few.
As a matter of fact, the UN is leading the entire world back to the Hobbesian era where human lives and human living were short, nasty, brutish, cannibalistic and Ape jungle. The colossal failure of the present world body has led to spiral increases in municipal governments’ aggressions and violence against their populations as well as their breaches of municipal compatible laws and international law and order. The level of municipal impunity has risen to an apogee. Licit and illicit arms trade and shipment to the Southern world is uncontrollably alarming.
Politics of power game and balance of power and mutual destruction has taken over the world and made resolution of  world’s most dangerous conflicts such as Syrian violent conflict of 2011-to-date intractable while the UN sits by and watches impotently. Dictatorship and its allied corruption and abuse of power especially in Africa has thickened and forced emergence of alarming number of armed resistance from the aggrieved, disillusioned and provoked non State entities and their actors.
 Under the watchful eyes of the present UN and its leadership and in this ICT age, sit-tight leaders and regime atrocities/heinous crimes’ committers especially from Africa are still allowed to attend and address the UN General Assembly as well as to remain in office. These include grave nearing Robert Mugabe (93yrs) of Zimbabwe who started ruling Zimbabwe since 1980 as prime minister (37yrs in office); Denis Sassuo Ngueso of the Republic of Congo, who had ruled between 1979 and 1992 and returned to power through coup in 1997 till date (33yrs in office); Teodoro Obiang Mbasago of Equatorial Guinea who has ruled since 1979 (38yrs in office); and Jose Edwardo Dos Santos of Angola who has ruled since 1979 (38yrs in office).
Others are Paul Biya of Cameroon who has ruled since 1982 (35yrs in office); Yoweri Museveni of Uganda who has ruled since 1986 (31yrs in office); Omar Hassan el-Bashir of Sudan who has ruled since 1989 (28yrs in office); Abdelaziz Boutiflika of Algeria who has ruled since 1999 (18yrs in office); Paul Kagame of Rwanda who started as vice president and head of the Rwandan Armed Forces in 1994 and became president in 2000 (23yrs in office); and Joseph Kabila of the Democratic Republic of Congo (Congo-DRC) who has ruled since 2001 (16yrs in office). There are also emerging African tyrants including Pierre Nkurunziza of Burundi (in power since 2005) and Faure Gnassingbe Eyadema of Togo (in power since 2005.) This is just to mention but a few.
The idea of forming the United Nations was promisingly and futuristically conceived by then world great leaders and thinkers such as Chiang Kai-shek, a Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China (presently renamed Taiwan) until 1975; Joseph Stalin (then Soviet Union); Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (France), Wilson Churchill (UK) and Franklin D. Roosevelt (USA). The dreams and aspirations of then former President Woodrow Wilson of USA contained in his famous pre League of Nations’ 14-Point Program of February 1918 were also captured.
Moved and shocked by the fact that: 14,500 wars were waged in the past 5000years with only 300years of peace; these leaders and thinkers went into their mental libraries and laboratories and came up with the idea of finding a globally acceptable neutral third party capable of galvanizing, congregating and aggregating the global world for peace, human rights and development. In the UN Charter contains: saving succeeding generations from the scourge of war which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind.  
Today, UN has not only failed woefully in this respect but also darkened the future of the succeeded and succeeding generations. In the 2nd World War (1939-1945), 35million civilians including women and children and 15million combatants were killed.  Since 1945 when UN took over the world leadership, the number of people killed, maimed, tortured, disappeared, starved, impoverished and displaced is too shocking, alarming and deafening to mention. Those killed in the post World War 11 armed conflict violence (majorly Intra State) and peacetime violence has alarmingly quadrupled with world’s most populated continents of Asia, Africa and old Eastern Europe experiencing widespread violence or threats of same.
So disheartening and disbelieving it is that the presently composed UN has made itself a globally laughing stock and caused the founding fathers of the global body and icons of peace such as Alfred Nobel to shed uncontrollable tears in their hallowed graves. The UN has tainted and corrupted its awarded Nobel Peace Prize of 2001; just as the former Myanmar’s globally respected rights activist and Nobel Peace Prize winner-Ms Daw Aung San Suu Kyi who is now the “State Counselor” (Prime Minister) has also soiled and tainted hers over her brazen complicity in the persecution of Muslims of  the Rohingya; the same way the Islamist President of Nigeria is presently persecuting mostly Christian populated Igbo Indigenous People of Nigeria where his security forces have killed over 400 defenseless nationals since August 2015 and maimed over 500 others
Out of its 72 years of existence, the UN’s brightest hopes and aspirations were recorded for only one decade-1992-2002; during which it won the Nobel Peace Prize (2001). Today, the UN has tainted its Alfred Nobel Peace Award alongside that of Myanmar’s Ms Daw Aung San Suu Kyi over Rohingya’s Muslims persecution.  This concluding part is grounded in statistics showing clearly that UN has lost its focus and direction and is now dangerously leading the world back to the cave-first and primitive citadel of the world’s first Homo sapiens.
Shocking statistics from various researches and their findings-nailing the UN and exposing its weaknesses and loss of control of global affairs are reeled out thus: According to the UNDP, between 1945 and 1985, a period of 40years; 22million people were killed in 165 armed conflicts dominated by internal wars. In 1994 alone, 34 wars were waged in Africa including Rwandan Genocide that killed roughly 1million people in 100 days and 200,000 people that died in Sierra Leone civil war (1991-2002). The conflicts around the world then also generated 21million refugees with 14million in Africa.  

Further proofs of UN’s loss of its global control and leadership are scholarly exposed as follows: to Rupesinghe 1998, the 20th century (1900-2000) had witnessed two world wars and an ignominious series of civil wars, genocides and ethnocides on an unprecedented scale and the incoming 21st century  offers  no difference. While conflicts waged with weapons of mass destruction such as nuclear, biological and chemical weapons (i.e. in inter State conflicts) are steadily on decline, conflicts waged with small arms and light weapons (i.e. in intra State conflicts) are dangerously on the increase {with UN dangerously watching and sitting by, doing nothing}.
To Roche 2003, arms; defined as weapons responsible for inflicting injuries and used for war or any purpose intended to cause harm have recklessly and mindlessly been applied and used in intra State wars or internal conflicts which increased alarmingly and uncontrollably since the end of the Second World War in 1945, decolonization in the 60s and cold war in 1991, to the extent that out of 96 global conflicts waged between 1945 and 1996, 89 were internal conflicts.
To Dhanapala, J. (1998): the Challenges of Controlling Int’l Small Arms Transfer;  quoted in PCR 873: Arms Control & Demilitarization: 2013:91(NOUN); small arms have truly become weapons of mass destruction by killing 200,000 people every year in “peaceful” or non war countries in homicides, suicides, unintentional shootings and police killings. An estimated 2 million children have been killed by small arms since 1990, and in addition to those killed, an estimated 1.5 million people are wounded by small arms each year (
Dhanapala, J. (1998) also notes that about 2 million small arms and light weapons are still in circulation in Central America, 7 million in West Africa and 10 million in Afghanistan. He further adds that small arms and light weapons are being manufactured in over 70 countries which are almost twice as many as the manufactures of other categories of weapons; and that there are at least 20 known types of pistols available in close to 200 models, which mean that 400 varieties are being manufactured; and that over 40 models of rifles are being manufactured to at least one dozen specifications, with AK-47 rifles being just one of the 500 known varieties.
Further, by a survey conducted by the Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva, Switzerland, cited in PCR 873: Arms Control & Demilitarization: 2013: p. 118 (NOUN); 1000 companies in 98 countries produced the 639 million small arms that are in circulation globally today with trade in illicit arms swelling this number; and the irony is that the biggest producers and traders on small arms in the world are those countries at the helm of affairs of global security, which direct all proposals for disarmament and human rights and humanitarianism yet they also counter and undermine them. These countries include the USA, Russia, China, the UK, France, Japan and Germany, etc.
Small arms and light weapons refer to weapons that can be carried by a single person, either for military, civil or criminal use. They cover a wide range of weapons like pistols, machine guns and other firearms, to grenades, portable anti tank systems and mortars, etc. Light weapons on their part are weapons that are man-portable or transportable by light vehicles; that do not require much in terms of service and logistical backup training.
They comprise small caliber canons, light support weapons, combat grenades, anti personnel mines, mortars, anti tank weapons, anti tank mines, etc. Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) are  nuclear, radiological, chemical, biological or other weapons that can kill and bring significant harm to a large number of humans or cause great damage to human-made structures (e.g., buildings), natural structures (e.g., mountains) or the biosphere.

According to Roche, D. (2003): Human Right to Peace, Ottawa: Novalis, Saint Paul University Press, in the 20th century, at least 110 million people were killed in 250 wars (with over 60million killed between 1945 and 2000), which is six times the number of war-related deaths as in the previous century. More than six million people have died in war between the end of cold war (1991) and 2003. This 21st Century does not offer many prospects for improvement. In 2001 alone, 37 armed conflicts were fought in 30 countries. Over 600 million small arms are in circulation around the world and they have been used to kill 500,000 people a year.
Roche, 2003, adds that while the then 190-Member States of United Nations had in their year 2000 Millennium Development Summit pledged to cut poverty by half by 2015 and requested for $50billion yearly to realize their set objectives; with the Member-States contributing less than a quarter of this amount; the same Member-States have between 1990 and 2003 spent over $10 trillion on armaments and their allied conflicts.
There are also a total of 650million licit and illicit small arms and light weapons presently in circulation around the world on average of a SALW for 13 persons using the 2017 world estimated population of 7.5billion people. These SALWs are produced by about, if not over 1000 companies; most of which originate from five permanent members of the UN Security Council, with USA, Russia and China topping the list. These three countries are jointly referred to as three global musketeers of arms violence.
Other leading SALWs’ producers are UK, Germany, France, Italy, Brazil, North Korea, Japan as well as the leading members of the defunct Eastern Europe and Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (former USSR). These weapons are traded licitly through inter-State channels and illicitly by profiteers of violence or arms trade syndicates through war zones and regional or international organized arms trade routes. South Africa remains the Africa’s largest producer of “arms trade middlemen”. The major international arms manufacturers and sellers referred above are also architects of international double standards: sellers of arms violence at night and makers of peace and providers of humanitarian aids and funds in the day.
Till date, the failed State of Afghanistan is the world most illicitly armed country with estimated 10million illicit SALWs in circulation; on average of one illicit SALW for every four Afghans out of its 2016 estimated population of 33million people. On the other hand, Republic of Egypt remains till date the world largest possessor of anti personnel landmines, estimated at 6million with many of them laid or hidden as far back as in 1948, during Israeli-Arab War.
Nigeria, too, may have become the world’s second largest bearer of small arms and light weapons after Afghanistan; with estimated 5m-6m especially since the coming to power in June 2015 of its transmogrified military dictator/maximum ruler. The arms buildup in the country, especially at the State actor level is very alarming; recording a geometric increase as never before since the end of Nigeria-Biafra Civil War in 1970.
Nigeria may also have surpassed Republic of Angola as Africa’s second largest military spender after Republic of Algeria which spends roughly $10billion a year on its military. Nigeria’s 2017 official budget on its security, categorized into “defense” and “interior” is N1.01 trillion or over $3B which roughly represents 50% of its 2017 capital budget. This amount is already over shot going by roughly $1B spent or being spent in arms procurement including a $593M purchase of the Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano war jets and allied weapons from USA; among others being sourced from other European capitals.

 Nigeria’s central Government is already securing $30B foreign loans since 2016 and has shockingly incurred 40% of Nigeria’s total foreign debts in two years. Its local borrowings are also increasing at alarming rate. Disheartening is that large part of these loans is channeled into arms procurement and buildup with social infrastructures and services in the country left in quandary.  Arms buildup by non State actors in Nigeria is also increasing alarmingly; and in the event of regime collapse or failure or eruption of widespread conflict, as it is presently the case in the failed Republic of Libya where State armories have substantially fallen into the hands of aggrieved and malicious non State actors; bloodshed will not only envelope the country, but the entire world  will be enveloped directly or indirectly with humanitarian tragedies of 175million population consequences.
Globally, there are 72 active armed rebellions or internal conflicts and major violent disturbances around the world as at 2016; involving 756 armed opposition groups and other embryonic violent opposition groups, out of which Africa has 29 active armed rebellions involving 226 armed opposition groups or militia-guerrillas and other armed terrorist-organizations. There are others whose nonviolent agitations are steadily and dangerously being radicalized by State coercive establishments by ways of violent crackdowns and genocidal suppressions; capable of forcing them into armed resistance or symmetric or asymmetric warfare.
Today in Africa, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has the largest number of armed opposition groups in Africa with 38, followed by Libya with 30, South Sudan 27 and Mali 20, Sudan 19 and Nigeria 18 (many of them are embryonic at the moment capable of widespread explosion or escalation). Nigeria also has estimated 50% of illicit small arms and light weapons in West Africa, out of the sub-region’s estimated 10million illicit SALWs.
In the battered Republic of Syria and according to the United Nations and the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights; availability, affordability and use of SALWs have killed over 450,000 people who are mostly non-combatants or civilians in just six years (2011-2017) of its internal conflict. While women and children are the worst hit, the SALWs-driven conflict has also displaced over half of the population with 6.6million IDPs and 5million refugees as at 2016. Syria’s pre civil war population was estimated at 18.5 million and according to UN, average of 34,000 persons are displaced daily in the country.
Worldly,  while the number of refugees has slightly decreased from 24million in the last ten years to 21.3million in 2016, there have been spiral increases in the number of conflict infested internally displaced persons or IDPs and Stateless Persons or SPs, with the UNHCR credibly estimating the current global IDPs at 65.3million persons and Stateless Persons at 10million persons. That is to say that the current total number of conflict infested internally and externally displaced persons is 96.6million.  
Over 101,500 innocent and unarmed citizens have lost their lives outside the law in Nigeria since June 1999. The killings were mostly carried out by the State actors, such as the Nigerian Army, Nigeria Police Force, State vigilantes, Nigerian Navy, Nigerian Air Force, as well as armed opposition groups such as Islamic Boko Haram and Fulani terrorist groups. The killings did not include battle-fields related death of government and opposition combatants.
Boko Haram insurgents have also killed over 22,000 civilians since 2009 including over 14,000 Christians. In the Boko Haram Islamist insurgency in Nigeria; through use of western manufactured and supplied Small Arms & Light Weapons (SALWs) especially between 2009 and 2015, over 2.6million civilians including over 1.3million Christians were displaced or made to flee the Northeast Zone. The number of churches and Christian schools destroyed between 2009 and 2015 by Islamic Boko Haram terrorist group was put at over 13000 and 1500 respectively. These were disclosed in the 2015 special report of the Christian Open Doors International based in the United States.
Between July 2015 and September 2017, Islamist Fulani terrorists have slaughtered over 4000 mostly rural Christians with over 2000 of them killed in 2016 alone. The Nomad-Jihadists kill average of 1500 defenseless citizens in Nigeria annually. Most the slaughtered are Christians.  In the past 27 months of the central Government of Muhammadu Buhari (June 2015 –September 2017), a total of over 2200 defenseless and unarmed citizens have been shot dead by security forces with over 1000 others terminally shot and wounded.
As the United Nations marks its 72nd Session of its General Assembly (19th-25th September 2017), questions bordering our minds and souring our mouths are: what is wrong with UN at 72? Why has it chosen to continually wobble and fumble at 72? What happened to its robust principles and purposes (saving future generations from war, reaffirming human rights and establishing equal rights for all persons; in addition to promoting justice, freedom, and social progress for the peoples of all of its member States)? Why has UN refused to restructure and democratize itself particularly its Security Council? Why retaining the oligarchic and turbulent veto principle instead of democratic simple majority?
Where is UN’s famous Agenda for Peace of 1992 per Boutros-Boutros Ghali?  Where are the UN’s Complex Humanitarian Emergencies’ Intervention Principles of its external Peace Support Operations designed to save and protect citizens endangered by criminal regimes and perpetrators of heinous crimes and other regime atrocities? Where are the UN and its UNDP’s Human Security Principle and its Seven Dimensions/Types of 2002? Why has the UN abandoned its early warning policy and preventive diplomacy?
What happened to the UN’s new principle of municipal Sovereignty as a Responsibility or Citizens’ Sovereignty of 1990s? Why did the UN Security Council and the General Assembly allow rogue regimes in Africa to rubbish and castrate the International Criminal Court and its hallowed criminal justice accountability? What happened to the negotiated and conceded cultural and religious practices of the Buddhists, Catholics, Pentecostals, Muslims, Hindus, Judaists and Traditionalists that led to enactment on 10th December 1948 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights? When did the UN sweep away this freely given “new culture of UN”? This is to just ask but a few! 
By Article 33(1) of Chapter VI of the UN Charter, timely and nonviolent settlement of conflict by ways of negotiation, enquiry/early warning, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, reconciliation, judicial settlement, etc are provided. By Article 24, the power to maintain int’l peace and security resides with the Security Council of the UN and by Article 2(4) of the UN Charter; States are prohibited from antagonistic use of force externally or against their populations except in self defense. Existing records show that the UN Security Council met 2,903 times between 1946 and 1986 and adopted 646 resolutions (15 per year) and 1,183 between 1990 and 1999 and adopted 638 resolutions (64 per year).  We now ask: how many times have the Security Council of the UN met between 2000 and 2017; with how many resolutions and practical imparts or results?
We conclude by strongly advising the world body to sit up, turn back from its cave path and take proactive responsibility of its global duties and challenges upon which it was created 72years (1945) ago or find itself doomed irretrievably.  We also say: enough of threats of nuclear holocaust from North Korea and its co-travelers; radical religiosity or religious extremism from global radical Muslims, Christians, Hindus, Buddhists, Judaists,  Pentecostals or Catholics; wicked arms race and small arms shipments and double standards including donation of tainted funds/humanitarian aids to Africa and Middle East by USA, UK, Russia, China, Japan, France, Germany, Italy, EU etc; sit-tight, tyranny and dictatorship in Africa, former Soviet bloc and Middle East; regime atrocities and persecution of Christians and Igbo People by Nigeria’s Muhammadu Buhari; regime collapses in Somalia, Libya, Afghanistan, etc; stealing and looting of public funds from Nigeria and Africa and their acceptance and midwifery by western world!!
The UN must also democratize and reform itself or face extinction. The world can no longer patiently depend on chance emergence of an astute Secretary General to be able to breathe very well and have a feeling of global peace and security; as was the case in the eras of Dag Hammarskjold (1953-1961), Javier Perez (1982-1991), Boutros Boutros-Ghali (1992-1996) and Kofi Annan (1997-2006). The immediate past era of Ban Ki-moon (2007-2016) marked the worst non cold war era secretarial leadership of the UN. As a matter of fact, the Ban Ki-moon era at the UN returned the world back to “cold war era” with alarming rates of global security threats, militarism and militarization. The rampancy of environmental insecurity and pollution reached its nadir during the Ban Ki-moon era.
The present confusions and unbearable activities at municipal, regional and international scenes of rogue regimes and their non state actor counterparts from Middle East, Africa, parts of Asia’s southeast and former Soviet bloc with their super power conspirators; tearing the world apart  are allowed to happen only because of toothless status of the UN. This is more so when UN, till date, has washed off its founding “culture” or agreed, conceded, aggregated and congregated ways of its conducts; which have now given room for present institutionalized municipal primordialism and self help; regime impunities, failures and collapses as well as diplomatic gangsterism, hooliganism, antagonism, roguishness; and rampant or uncontrollable non state actor divisive tendencies, militancy and violence.
·         Emeka Umeagbalasi, Board Chair
Int’l Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law
Mobile Line: +2348174090052

·         Ndidiamaka Bernard, Esq., LLB, BL
Head, Int’l Justice & Human Rights Program



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